Digital Program - Znaider

Liebesleid FRITZ KREISLER (1875-1962) Viennese born Fritz Kreisler was one of the most significant and influential violinists of the twentieth century. His immense talent, expertise and highly personal performing style have not only defined the course of his own life and career, but have also created an enduring legacy for violinists everywhere. As a child prodigy, he studied music at the Vienna Conservatory and at the Paris Conservatoire, where his teachers included Bruckner and Massenet. After a successful tour of the United States (in 1888-89) with pianist Moriz Rosenthal, he returned to Austria and applied for a job in the Vienna Philharmonic. He was turned down and subsequently left music to study medicine. A few years later he returned to the violin and went on to become one of the most famous violinists of all time. He was a member of orchestras in Vienna and then Berlin, but it was his appearance as soloist in London in 1902 that generated the accolades that established his career. Composer Sir Edward Elgar was so impressed with his playing that he was inspired to write his Violin Concerto for Kreisler, who gave the premiere in London in 1910, with the composer conducting. For nearly half a century he maintained a punishing touring schedule as well as making a number of recordings (made between 1904 and 1946). Kreisler was also a composer of considerable note. Famous mainly for his Viennese-style melodies, such as Liebesfreud and Liebesleid, he also wrote a string quartet, two operettas and a number of pastiches in the style of other composers such as Vivaldi and Tartini, which he originally presented as newly discovered works by the composers themselves. He also made a number of arrangements for violin and piano and wrote cadenzas for the Beethoven, Brahms, Paganini (no. 1) and Mozart (nos. 3-5) Violin Concertos. In 1905, Kreisler published a set of AltWiener Tanzweisen (Old Viennese Melodies): Liebesfreud (Love's Joy), Liebesleid (Love's Sorrow) and Schön Rosmarin (Lovely Rosemary). He initially attributed them to Viennese composer Joseph Lanner (1801–1843), who was considered by many as the pioneer of the Viennese Waltz as we know it today, until he was called out by a Berlin critic. This forced him to publish the set in 1910 under his own name. Liebesfreud and Liebesleid, favorites of violinists and audiences, were often played by Kreisler himself as encores in his concerts. Orly Tal ca. 4 mins.